Sushma Swaraj The Great Personality in Indian Politics

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End of an Era
End of an Era

“Sushma Swaraj” -The Great Personality in Indian Politics

  • She was born on 14 February 1953 at Ambala Cantt, Haryana, to Hardev Sharma and Shrimati Laxmi Devi.
  • Her father was a dominant Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh member.
  • She got educated at Sanatan Dharma College in Ambala Cantonment and earned a bachelor’s degree with majors in Sanskrit and Political Science.
  • She studied law at Panjab University, Chandigarh. She won the best Hindi Speaker award of state-level competition for three consecutive years held by the Language Department of Haryana.
  • She began her political career with Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad in the 1970s.
  • Later on In 1973, Swaraj started practicing as an advocate in the Supreme Court of India.
  • During the Emergency period, on July 13 1975, Sushma Swara married Swaraj Kaushal,
    a peer and fellow advocate at the Supreme Court of India.
  • In 1975 Sushma Swaraj became the part of George Fernandes’s legal defence team.
  • She also actively participated in Jayaprakash Narayan’s Total Revolution Movement.
  • She joined the Bharatiya Janata Party after the Emergency.
  • Later on, she became the national leader of the BJP.
  • In July 1977, she was sworn in as a Cabinet Minister in the Janata Party Government headed by then Chief Minister Devi Lal. And by winning the position she became the youngest ever Cabinet Minister.
  • By winning the Ambala Cantonment assembly seat at the age of 25, from 1977 to 1982 Sushma was a member of the Haryana Legislative Assembly.
  • In 1979, at the age of 27, She became State President of the Janata Party (Haryana).
  • In 1984, Shushma become Mother of baby girl ‘Bansuri’, later who got graduated from Oxford University. Now, she practiced in the Supreme Court, India as Criminal Lawyer.
  • Later again from 1987 to 1990, she became member of the Haryana Legislative Assembly.
  • She was Education Minister of Haryana state in the Bharatiya Janata Party–Lok Dal coalescence government from 1987 to 1990.
  • In April 1990, she was elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
  • In 1996, She was elected to the 11th Lok Sabha from South Delhi constituency.
  • In 1996, She was Union Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting during the 13-day government of PM “Atal Bihari Vajpayee.”
  • Later in March 1998, She was re-elected to the 12th Lok Sabha from South Delhi Parliamentary constituency for a second term.
  • After a incumbency in national level politics, she resigned from the Union Cabinet in October 1998 to take over as the first female Chief Minister of Delhi. In the same year in December She resigned from the position.
  • Her most notable decision during this period was to declare film production as an industry, which made the Indian film industry eligible for bank finance.
  • In September 1999, the BJP nominated Swaraj to contest against the Congress party’s national President Sonia Gandhi in the 13th Lok Sabha election, from the Bellary constituency in Karnataka.
  • During her campaign, she addressed public meetings in the local Kannada language. She secured 358,000 votes in just 12 days of her election campaign. However, she lost the election by a 7% margin.
  • Again She was inducted into the Union Cabinet as Minister for Information and Broadcasting, at Uttrakhand when the new state was carved out of Uttar Pradesh on November 2000 and remained there upto 2003
  • She became Minister of Health, Family Welfare and Parliamentary Affairs from January 2003 until May 2004.
  • During this period being as Health Minister she set up six AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) at Bhubaneshwer (Odisha), Bhopal (MP), Patna (Bihar), Jodhpur (Rajasthan), Rishikesh (Uttrakhand) and Raipur (Chhattisgarh).
  • Swaraj was re-elected to the Rajya Sabha for a third term in April 2006 from Madhya Pradesh state. She served as the Deputy leader of Opposition in Rajya Sabha till April 2009.
  • Sushma Swaraj became Leader of Opposition in the 15th Lok Sabha in place of Lal Krishna Advani on 21 December 2009 by winning the 2009 election for the 15th Lok Sabha from the Vidisha Lok Sabha constituency in Madhya Pradesh by the highest margin of over 400,000 votes.
  • She retained this position till May 2014 when, in the 2014 Indian general election, her party won a major victory and break all records.
  • Swaraj had served as the Indian Minister of External Affairs under Prime Minister Narendra Modi from May 2014 to May 2019. She was only the second woman to hold this position after Indira Gandhi.
  • As External Affairs Minister, she played a fundamental role in bringing back the then 23-year-old hearing and speech-impaired Indian girl named Gita who was stranded in Pakistan for 15 years.
  • On 19 February 2019 Swaraj accepted the prestigious Grand Cross of Order of Civil Merit, which was conferred by the Spanish government in recognition of India’s support in evacuating its citizens from Nepal during the earthquake in 2015.
  • On 6 August 2019, Sushma Swaraj reportedly suffered a heart attack in the evening after which she was rushed to AIIMS Delhi, where later she died of a cardiac arrest. The next day, she was cremated with full state honours at the Lodhi crematorium in Delhi.

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