The new bill will not allow any foreigner to come to India and have a child through surrogacy.
Widows or divorced women between the ages of 35 and 45 can also become surrogate mothers under certain conditions.
The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the draft Surrogacy Regulation Bill 2020. According to the proposed bill, any woman can become a surrogate mother by her own will. Apart from childless couples, widows and divorced women will also get the benefit.
Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said on Wednesday – the draft of the new bill has included all the recommendations of the Select Committee of the Rajya Sabha. The committee had studied the old draft of surrogacy bill and asked for a ban on the trade of surrogacy. Along with this, it was said to give it moral in the new bill.
After the cabinet meeting, Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani said that the proposed bill provides that only Indian couples will be able to have children through surrogacy in the country. For this, both the members involved in any pair must be Indian.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has an open view about the right to give birth to women. He has fiercely advocated a surrogacy bill to bring abortion and technical assistance to legalize pregnancies.
What will be special in the new bill:
1. A provision has been made to form the National Surrogacy Board at the center and the State Surrogacy Board in the states. These boards, to be created at different levels, will monitor the process of surrogacy. Competent officers will also be appointed for this in the Union Territories.
2.The period of insurance cover for surrogate mother has been increased to 36 months. In the previous bill, the time of insurance cover was fixed at 16 months.
3.There will be a ban on commercial surrogacy and it has been recommended to ban its publicity. According to the new bill, no foreign person will be able to have children in India through surrogacy.
4.Indian married couples, married couples of Indian origin living abroad and single Indian women will be able to take advantage of surrogacy under certain conditions. However in the case of single women, they will have to be widowed or divorced. Also, their age should be between 35 and 45 years.
The new proposed bill of surrogacy amends the old bill, which was approved by the Lok Sabha in 2019. In this, only the close relative woman was allowed to become a surrogate mother. This provision was severely criticized. After this, the government agreed to send the bill to the Select Committee of the Rajya Sabha.
The committee was headed by BJP MP Bhupendra Yadav. This committee was discussed in detail and was asked to recommend the new bill. The revised bill is likely to be introduced in the second part of the budget session starting next month.